From Nanoparticals to Nanocomposites: Processing, Performance and Toxicity
June 15 - 18, 2009
University of Massachusetts Lowell
One University Avenue, Lowell, Massachusetts
Dale W. Schaefer
Richard A. Vaia
(click here for a printable pdf of the course description)
While nanofillers like carbon black and fumed silica have been used for decades, the field of polymer nanocomposites came into its
own when Toyota engineers demonstrated nanoclay hybrids in the early 1990s. Thanks to the interest their work generated, many
products now incorporate nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanorods, or nanolayers into polymers, demonstrating the commercial viability of
nanocomposites. Subsequent generations of nanocomposites promise additional functionality or multifunctionality - flexibility,
toughness, and electrical properties, transparency, abrasion, and ballistic impact resistance, structural stiffness and vibration damping,
fire retardance and environmental acceptability, etc. In order to meet the technical challenges to realize this promise, the fundamentals
that serve as the basis of such efforts must be addressed: How nanoparticles and polymers interact; how such interfacial interactions
may be controlled; what is necessary to achieve dispersion using practical processing methods; what properties may be obtained by
tailoring the nanoparticle, matrix, and interface; effective approaches, common mistakes, and novel techniques relevant to measuring
structure and properties; and hazard assessment and best practices when handling nanoparticles.
The Nanomanufacturing Center at UML is comprised of the NSF-funded Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing (an equal
partnership with Northeastern and the University of New Hampshire) and the MA Nanomanufacturing Center of Excellence. With
strong core expertise in plastics, composites, and nanomaterials and an integrated cadre of EH&S researchers in the School of Health
and Environment, UML provides a unique setting for this course. Along with invited lecturers, our expert faculty provide state-of-theart
research briefs and hands-on demonstrations of processing, characterization, and EH&S equipment and techniques.
- Monday, June 15, Morning: Novel Properties and Applications (Vaia)
- Monday, June 15, Afternoon: Nanoparticle Engineering and Nanocomposite Formation (Rubner)
- Tuesday, June 16, Morning: Micromechanics and Physics of (Visco)Elastic Reinforcement (Sternstein)
- Tuesday, June 16, Afternoon: Nanocomposite Mechanics Beyond the Elastic Limit (Lesser)
- Wednesday, June 17, Morning: Characterization of Nanoparticles and Nanocomposites (Schaefer)
- Wednesday, June 17, Afternoon: Assessing and Controlling Nanoparticle Exposure (Brouwer)
- Thursday, June 18: Hands-on demonstrations and facilities tours
||Covered by NSF
||March 1, 2009
||$1600 (20% discount)
||April, 1, 2009
||May 1, 2009
||After June 1, 2009
The course will be held at the University of Massachusetts Lowell (thirty five miles northwest of Boston Logan Airport and thirty miles south of Manchester Boston Regional Airport).
A block of rooms has been reserved at the Doubletree Hotel in Lowell; reservations may be made through the Course website. A special rate of $84/night has been arranged for attendees; reservations may be made at this rate until May 1, 2009.
A registration form can be downloaded from the Course website.
U.S. professors, post-doctoral researchers and graduate students can download fellowship application forms from the Course website. Fellowship applications are due March 1, 2009. Fellowships also cover accommodations based upon double occupancy. Please check the Course website for more information.
For additional information
Visit http://www.uml.edu/nano/events/summer_institute (live Monday, February 9), or e-mail NSF_SummerInstitute@uml.edu
Co-Organizers from the University of Massachusetts Lowell for this event are
Assistant Professor Daniel Schmidt (Plastics Engineering) and Professor Julie Chen (Mechanical Engineering)
Derk Brouwer is a senior exposure assessment scientist with many years experience in occupational hygiene, both in practice and in research. He was trained as a chemical engineer and hygienist, and received his PhD from the University of Utrecht (NL). His research related to occupational health and safety covers exposure to pesticides, dermal exposure methodology, personal protection, dust hazards, etc. and has resulted in numerous publications. He is the organizer of a working group within the European standardization organization (CEN) dedicated to dermal exposure issues and participates in a similar ISO working group. In recent years, the focus of his research has been occupational exposure to ultrafine and (engineered) nanoparticles. He is principal investigator for TNO in (EU-sponsored) projects on occupational exposure (and health risks) related to such engineered nanoparticles, i.e. NANOSH and NANODEVICE.
Alan Lesser is a Full Professor in Polymer Science & Engineering at U. Mass. Amherst. His research activities include structure-property
relations in polymers and composites, nonlinear and fracture behavior of polymeric materials and polymer processing in
supercritical CO2. He is Editor of Polymer Composites, Assoc. Editor of Polymer Engineering and Science, and a member
of the Journal of Applied Polymer Science advisory board. He is a Fellow of the Society of Plastics Engineers, former
chair for the Gordon Composites conference and the Polymer Analysis Division and Failure Analysis and Prevention SIG
for the Society of Plastics Engineers. He has more than 80 refereed journal publications and more than 90 conference
proceedings. Dr. Lesser received his Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from Case Western in 1988 and joined the faculty in the
PSE Department in 1995 after 6 years as a Research Scientist for Shell Development Company.
Michael Rubner is the TDK Professor of Polymer Materials Science & Engineering and Director of the Center for Materials Science and
Engineering (NSF MRSEC) at MIT. He received his B.S. in Chemistry from U. Lowell (summa cum laude, 1982) and his
Ph.D. in Materials Science & Engineering from MIT (1986) while a staff member in GTE Laboratories, accruing over
twelve years industrial experience before accepting a faculty position at MIT in 1986. Rubner has given more than 190
invited lectures and published more than 200 technical papers, including five book chapters, and is holder of nine U.S.
patents. From 1995-1999, he was U. S. Editor of Supramolecular Science (Elsevier), and serves on the Board of Directors
for the Materials Research Society. His current interests include molecularly assembled PEM thin films as multifunctional
coatings providing new capabilities in thin film optics, extreme surface wetting and biomaterial interface design.
Dale W. Schaefer is Professor of Chemical and Materials Engineering and former Dean of Engineering at the University of Cincinnati.
He earned his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry and performed post-doctoral studies in Physics at MIT. Dr. Schaefer was a
technical manager at Sandia National Labs and a Senior Technical Advisor at the DoE. He is a Fellow of the American
Physical Society and the American Institute of Chemists. He was the 2004 John Wheatley Scholar and is a member of the
Materials Program Advisory Committee and the User Group Executive Committee of the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center
at Los Alamos National Labs. Prof. Schaefer is a specialist in structure-property relations, light, x-ray and neutron
scattering. Recent projects include water-barrier properties of silane films, non-chromate corrosion inhibitors, morphology
of reinforcing fillers for rubbers, antifouling polymers for desalination membranes and carbon and clay nanocomposites.
Sanford Sternstein is Professor Emeritus in Materials Science & Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He earned his Ph.D. in
Chemical Engineering at RPI and joined the faculty in 1961, was the William Weightman Walker Professor of Polymer
Engineering from 1976 to retirement (2006) and Director of the Center for Composite Materials and Structures (1987-
2000). His research included swelling and elasticity in elastomers, viscoelasticity and creep in plastics, and shear yielding
and crazing criteria (design tools for 30+ years). Recent studies cover creep and dynamic moduli in ceramic fibers and
reinforcement mechanisms in filled polymer melts and elastomers. He served on the Executive Boards of the Society of
Rheology and the High Polymers Division of the American Physical Society (Fellow since 1977) and on several NMAB
Panels on composites and elastomers. He is a founder and past chair of the Gordon Conference on Composites.
Richard A. Vaia is Technology Advisor of the Nanostructured and Biological Materials Branch at the U.S. Air Force Research Lab
(AFRL, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH) and Nanomaterials Lead for the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate. His group
focuses on polymer nanocomposites, complex nanoparticle architectures and adaptive soft matter. He received his Ph.D.
degree in Materials Science & Engineering at Cornell University in 1995 and was a distinguished graduate from Cornell's
AFROTC. His honors and awards include Air Force Outstanding Scientist (2002), MRL Visiting Professor at U. C. Santa
Barbara (2006), and Air Force Office of Scientific Research Star Team (2003-2005; 2005-2007; 2007-2009). Rich serves
on the editorial boards of Macromolecules and Materials Today, as well as the Board of Directors for the Material
Research Society. He has authored over 120 peer-reviewed papers and patents.